Optimization of Reducing Sugar Production from Sida cordifolia Biomass Using Response Surface Methodology

M.A. Ahmad1., A.D. Tambuwal1,2., A.M. Sokoto1., and A. Sanda1

1Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmamu Danfodiyo University
2Sokoto Energy Research Center, Usmanu Danfodiyo University

*Corresponding author: awwalsharp@gmail.com, doi.org/10.55639/607.807978


This study is aimed at evaluating the potential of Sida cordifolia, for the production of reducing sugars via acid hydrolysis. Effect of temperature (60oC-100oC), acid concentration (1%-6%) and time(30min-60min) was investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) experimental design. Reducing sugars yield from acid hydrolysis was optimized using RSM. The interaction of (acid concentration)2 and (temperature)2 were found to be the most significant quadratic terms affecting reducing sugars yield. The optimum parameter conditions were found to be temperature (80oC), reaction time (60 min) and acid concentration (3.50%) with a reducing sugar yield of 4.931%. The findings suggest that the biomass can be harnessed as a potential feedstock for the production of bioethanol and other bio-based chemicals.


Reducing Sugar,
Sida cordifolia,
Response Surface