Short-Term Electrical Energy Demand Forecasting Using Fuzzy Logic Technique

Maurice Antigha Ita1*, Oluwaseun Ibrahim Adebisi1, Kamoli Akinwale Amusa1, Rebecca Olufunke Vincent2

1Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
2Department of Computer Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

*Corresponding author’s Email:,


Minimization of electrical energy wastage and provision of its regular supply make electrical load forecasting an important aspect of the power infrastructure. An accurate load forecasting is crucial for the reduction of the cost of electrical energy generation and spinning reserve capacity. Therefore, in this study, fuzzy logic (FL) technique was employed for the projection of electrical energy demand on short-term basis. The FL model was trained using the six months hourly load and temperature data respectively obtained from 132/33 kV Ikeja West Transmission Station, Ayobo and Nigerian Meteorological Agency, Oshodi, Lagos State, Nigeria. Triangular and trapezoidal membership functions (MFs) were used in the training of the model with Mamdani fuzzy inference system. The time, load and temperature inputs were fuzzified into six, four and three MFs respectively while the fuzzification process used 25 fuzzy rule bases. The centroid method of defuzzification was used to change the results into readable values. The adequacy of the FL model was determined using five metrics including mean square error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), chi square (χ2) and F- test. The obtained results revealed that the FL model developed excelled in all the five tests of adequacy considered with MSE, MAE, MAPE, χ2 and F-test values of 4.17, 6.74, 11.51%, 7.93 and 1.27 respectively and hence, performed satisfactorily. This work established that the fuzzy logic approach is appropriate for electrical load projection on short-term basis.


Fuzzy logic,
Load forecasting,
Model adequacy,
Power System,