Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis and Medicinal uses of Hibiscus sabdariffa (Zobo) and Hyphaene thebaica (Goriba)

Dalhatu A1., Yunusa U 1., Abdulmaleek M. A1., Idris A1., Sani D.K2., Amina S. R1 & Binta M. Y1

1Department of Nursing Sciences, Bayero University Kano-Nigeria
2Department of Nursing Sciences,Ahmadu Bello University,Zaria Nigeria

*Corresponding author: adamudalhatu206@gmail.com, doi.org/10.55639/607.4656


Hibiscus sabdariffa and Hyphaene thebaica commonly refers to as Zobo and Goriba respectively are edible plants commonly used in making beverages in Nigeria. These two plants have been linked with salutary effects when consumed and are considered to be of great public health importance. This study aims to conduct qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis of Hybiscus sabdariffa and Hyphaene thebaica. Phytochemical compounds were extracted from the plants by the soxhlet hot percolation method using methanol as a solvent. Qualitative phytochemical analysis was conducted for alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, resins, saponins, steroids, tannins and reducing sugar. Quantitative phytochemical analysis was done for alkaloids, total phenolics, total flavonoids, tannins, saponins and glycosides following standard procedures. The phytochemical analysis of both plant species exhibited the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, saponins and total glycosides in considerable quantity. The result Hibiscus sabdariffa leaves extract contains phytochemicals in considerable quantity with negative results for reducing sugar, resin and phenol while Hyphaene thebaica leaves extract contains phytochemicals in considerable quantity with negative results for steroids. Hence these plants have a potential for anti-oxidants and antihypertensive activities


Hibiscus sabdariffa,
Hyphaene thebaica,
Phytochemical analysis,
Medicinal uses